Homily for Trinity 6
When we first hear the Ten Commandments, they don’t sound too threatening, do they? I mean, if we dwell on the surface we can congratulate ourselves about not sticking knives into people – at least, not usually. But when our Lord takes hold of the Ten Commandments everything changes. He takes “you shall not murder” and by the time he’s done with it, we realize that the anger in our heart and the words we say that cut and batter and leaves others bleeding inside, are violations of the fifth commandment! And our Lord is only revving up – he opens up the other commandments too. He declares anyone who even thinks about sexually using another person is an adulterer. Anyone who needs to say: “I swear” is a liar. It gets worse and worse! Luther had a term for what Jesus does to the commandments of Moses here – he said he outmoses Moses (mosisimo)!
Jesus’ entire treatment of the commandments follows upon his assertion that the only way into the Kingdom of heaven is to have a righteousness that exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees. That’s radical! The scribes and Pharisees were pretty good keepers of the Law – at least if you looked at it from the outside. But that’s just the problem. God doesn’t look at our keeping of the Law from the outside – he looks at it from the inside. What he requires is not only that we don’t kill, but that in our heart we never even want to harm another, and even more, that we always want to help others in their every need. What he requires is not only that we don’t commit adultery, but that in our hearts we never even want to have sexual relations with a person other than our spouse.
Jesus once described the Pharisees as “white-washed tombs.” Outside, they were bright and gleaming white, but the inside was full of dead-man’s bones. And the Pharisees were the folks who tried hard to please God, to keep his laws, to obey his commandments. If they are judged as totally inadequate, what on earth about the rest of us?
This is no mere academic problem, then. Each of us will one day stand before the Judgment Seat of God and our entire life – the thoughts of our hearts, our words and deeds – will be an open book. Who can endure that day? Jesus says we need a better righteousness than the best that any human can do. Where will we get it?
Thanks be to God for the One who speaks in today’s Gospel! If any of us will pass muster on the day of judgment it will only happen by Christ giving us the gift of His own righteousness. The righteousness that we could never come up with on our own – that is the righteousness He freely gives. And He can give it, because He lived it! When you look at the Ten Commandments and all that they require not just outwardly, but inwardly, there has only been One in the whole history of our race who has kept them: our Lord Jesus. And He kept them for you and for me and for all. And most marvelous of all: when we trust that He has kept them for us, then God credits us as our own His own righteousness, His perfect heart and keeping of the Law! So when we come to the day of Judgment, we will stand before God clothed in the obedience and righteousness of Christ himself.
And how does He give this righteousness to you as your very own? Where does He clothe you in Himself? Where but in the font of living water: Holy Baptism! As Paul says in Galatians: “For as many of you has have been baptized into Christ have been clothed in Christ!” (Gal. 3:27). That’s why when a person was baptized in the ancient church they were always clothed in white. It was a confession that now Christ has now put His own perfect keeping of the Law on the baptized; they stand before the Father “wrapped” in Christ himself.
But if that is so – and it most certainly is – then we can understand today’s Epistle, where the Apostle urges the baptized, clothed as they are in the righteousness of Christ, NOT to contradict their Baptism by willfully sinning against their consciences. Since Baptism unites us to Jesus’ death and resurrection, it enables us to leave the old sinful self buried in the tomb with Christ and rise anew each day, not as a slave to sin, but as a slave to Christ!
Paul is obviously not saying that the baptized never sin – that would be silly and contradict not only the Scriptures but the experience of every baptized Christian. What he is warning against is the folly that runs like this: “God loves to forgive and I love to sin; what a deal!” Can we ever forget the terrible price that our Lord paid on Golgotha for our every sin? For it is only one-half of the story to speak of Christ’s perfect keeping of the Law for us; the other half is His paying the penalty for our sin. God has not and will not overlook a single sin you or I have evercommitted. He demands that every one of them be paid for.
But this is what our Lord Jesus has done for us and for all the world! His suffering, His death – this was the ransom price He paid for our freedom from God’s condemnation. He stepped in and paid what He did not owe. And God the Father publicly declared that payment sufficient for all by raising His Son from the dead! Forgiveness won at such a price surely means that we, the baptized, dare never give in on the side of sin and gleefully embrace the slavery Christ died to free us from.
So we go back to the Ten Commandments, where we began today. They have an important and ongoing job in our Christian life. They are the mirror by which we constantly recognize the sin of our heart. Whenever we grow complacent, whenever we forget how much we continue in need of a Savior, meditation on the Ten Commandments is in order. Through that meditation the Holy Spirit opens our eyes to show us how serious is our sin, how terrifying is God’s wrath, and how helpless we are to do a thing about it. Through the Gospel the Holy Spirit then directs us back to our Crucified and Risen Lord for the gift of His forgiveness. So we flee to Jesus in confession and absolution, we run to Him in the Supper. In both, our Lord places upon us again and again the mantel first bestowed in our baptism, the robe of His righteousness, His holiness given us as a gift –the gift which alone will save on the day of Judgment. To Him, our Lord Jesus, with the Father and the Holy Spirit be all glory and honor for His grace and love to mankind. Amen.